The number of hospital pharmacies in Europe producing sterile as well as non-sterile medicines has decreased significantly since 2000. In addition, the number of pharmacies preparing total parenteral nutrition, cytotoxics and intravenous admixtures (24.6%, 43.8% and 8.0% of pharmacies, respectively) is quite low and depends to a large extent on the size of the pharmacies, with larger units generally demonstrating significantly higher production activity. There are some differences between eastern and western Europe. Quality control and good manufacturing practice (GMP) seem to be well implemented (61.3% of pharmacies have adopted GMP) and many pharmacies have external certification.
- Pharmacy Management (Organisation, Financial)
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