Background In renal failure, alteration in the pharmacokinetics increases the frequency of overdoses.
Purpose To evaluate pharmaceutical care using a computer programme for drug dose adjustment in renal failure.
Materials and Methods The study period lasted from September 2011 to January 2012 (inclusive), in a 420-bed hospital. Every day creatinine values over 130 mmol/l were filtered. Treatment was reviewed and we obtained creatinine clearance values (Crockcoft & Gault) of selected patients. After consulting the drug dose adjustment on the sheet and in Micromedex, a report was sent with the pharmaceutical recommendation.
Results There were 68 interventions for the 2147 patients studied: Internal Medicine (34) Cardiology (1), Short Stay Unit (5), Orthopaedics (7), Urology (5), Haematology (7) Surgery (5), Neurology (1), Intensive Care Unit (ICU) (2) Oncology (1). 55.9% of notifications were for changes in the dose of enoxaparin (38), 11.8% of amoxicillin-clavulanic acid (8), piperacillin-tazobactam 14.7% (10), 8.8% levofloxacin (6), 2.9% meropenem (2), 2.9% ciprofloxacin (2), 1.5% imipenem (1) and 1.5% aztreonam (1). The proportion of suggested changes accepted was 58.8% (40). 5.9% (4) discontinued treatment, 5.9% (4) were discharged and 29.4% (20) not changed. Of the latter, five were for changes in the pattern of enoxaparin in trauma patients, another 5 from Internal Medicine and 2 more from Haematology and ICU. The rest of them were changes in the pattern of antibiotics (imipenem 1, 2 levofloxacin, 1 meropenem, 1 ciprofloxacin, piperacillin-tazobactam 3) that were given out in the different services.
Conclusions A high percentage of doctors followed the recommendations. Part of the unaccepted tally corresponds to trauma patients whose prophylactic regimen of enoxaparin (40 mg/24 h) was not modified due to the service criteria. Some of the antibiotic prescriptions were not changed because of the severity of the patient’s illness (1 levofloxacin and 1 Internal Medicine Meropenem Imipenem Oncology and 1). The rest were rejected without explanation.
No conflict of interest.
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