Objective To analyse the most frequent self-reported adverse reactions (ARs), the durability and the causes of antiretrovirals (ARVs) regimens change, concomitant treatments and drug interactions related to the use of ARVs in a group of people living with HIV in Cuernavaca, Morelos, Mexico.
Materials and methods Cross-sectional study conducted in a clinic specialising in HIV ‘CAPASITS-Cuernavaca’ in Mexico from February to June 2015. People who wanted to participate were given a questionnaire on demographic characteristics, adherence, concomitant treatments and ARs. To understand the clinical variables, the clinical records were reviewed. Quantitative variables were compared using Student's t-test for normal data and the Mann-Whitney U test for non-normal data. For comparisons between categorical variables, the χ2 test was used. All tests used a significance level of 0.05.
Results A total of 96 people participated, and 218 ARs (mean= 2.3±1.9) were found. The most frequently encountered ARs were dizziness (53.1%), insomnia (21.9%) and lucid dreams (17.7%). Twenty-three people (24%) were polymedicated, and 18 potential interactions were detected in 12 people.
Conclusions The results suggest that a thorough analysis of the possible drug interactions should be performed for polymedicated people on ARV treatment and that a protocol should be designed for the monitoring and management of AR to ensure a good adherence to ARV treatment.
Statistics from Altmetric.com
If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.