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Therapeutic drug monitoring of antibiotic agents: evaluation of predictive performance
  1. Martin Šíma,
  2. Hana Bakhouche,
  3. Jan Hartinger,
  4. Tereza Cikánková,
  5. Ondřej Slanař
  1. Department of Pharmacology, First Faculty of Medicine, Charles University and General University Hospital in Prague, Praha, Czech Republic
  1. Correspondence to Dr. Martin Šíma, Department of Pharmacology, First Faculty of Medicine,Charles University and General University Hospital in Prague,128 00 Prague 2,Czech Republic; martin.sima{at}lf1.cuni.cz

Abstract

Background The precision of the population pharmacokinetic model used in therapeutic drug monitoring (TDM) is essential for successful dosage optimisation.

Objective To evaluate the predictive performance of pharmacokinetic models used in our hospital and to evaluate the possible impact of demographic characteristics or renal function on TDM accuracy.

Methods We compared a posteriori an adjusted concentration–time curve profile based on the first measured drug concentration with the second measured drug concentration. Linear regression models were used to compare predicted and observed drug serum concentrations, and to evaluate potential relationships between predictive performance and patients’ demographic/clinical features. Predictive performance of TDM was expressed using accuracy, precision, sensitivity and specificity.

Results One hundred and fifty-two patients were enrolled in the study. All pharmacokinetic models showed good predictive performance expressed by the coefficient of determination (r2) of 0.5642, 0.7263, 0.9001 and 0.9454 for continuous vancomycin, intermittent vancomycin, amikacin and gentamicin, respectively. Accuracy was 93.3%, 91.2%, 113.9% and 130.9% for continuous vancomycin, intermittent vancomycin, amikacin and gentamicin, respectively. Demographic characteristics or renal functions had no substantial impact on the accuracy of TDM.

Conclusion We found the predictive performance of both aminoglycosides and vancomycin pharmacokinetic models to be satisfactory.

  • amikacin
  • aminoglycosides
  • gentamicin
  • vancomycin
  • pharmacokinetics
  • therapeutic drug monitoring
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