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The evolution of cancer treatment
  1. Umberto Veronesi
  1. Correspondence to Umberto Veronesi, Scientific Director, European Institute of Oncology, Via Ripamonti, 435 – 20141 Milano – Italy; umberto.veronesi{at}

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Major revolutions in medicine over the last 50 years

Many changes have occurred in medical science and practice over the last 50 years. Today medicine is truly multidisciplinary, ranging from biology, to physics, to automation and information technology.

All this new knowledge cannot be entrusted to a single professional. Physicians therefore need to share experiences and work with other professionals including pharmacists, biologists, nurses, psychologists, physicists.

The revolution that has occurred over the last decades has changed forever the life of our patients and the way we approach patient care. As shown in summary form in table 1, technology has changed in all fields of medicine and, with technology, our mindset has changed too.

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Table 1

Major revolutions in medicine over the last 50 years

New paradigms in contemporary medicine

A series of new paradigms and concepts have been introduced into medical practice. The new approach towards the dose setting process from the maximum tolerated dose to the minimum effective dose level is one of the most important …

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  • Competing interests None.

  • Provenance and peer review Commissioned; internally peer reviewed.