Article Text

Download PDFPDF
Short report
Linking integrated electronic prescribing and robotic dispensing: identifying benefits at ward level
  1. Roderick Beard1,
  2. Gulia Karimova2,
  3. Peter Smith3
  1. 1Pharmacy Department, Sunderland Royal Hospital Kayll Road, Sunderland, UK
  2. 2Sunderland Royal Hospital, Sunderland, UK
  3. 3Graduate Research School, University of Sunderland, Sunderland, UK
  1. Correspondence to Roderick Beard, Pharmacy Department, Sunderland Royal Hospital, Kayll Road, Sunderland SR4 7TP, UK; rod.beard{at}


Objective To assess how pharmacy staff perceived the benefits of coupling robotic dispensing (RD) directly to integrated electronic prescribing (EP) and its impact on their practice at ward level, and to evaluate which features of EP were significant, and their perceptions of coupling EP to the dispensing robot.

Method Qualitative thematic analysis was used. 23 initial themes were identified from semistructured interviews, which, on further analysis, were reduced to 6 main themes which were then further explored by a questionnaire.

Finding 75% (26) responded. There was overwhelming support for the use of this technology to support clinical services. The respondents felt EP plus RD greatly empowered pharmacists, provided better relevant information, had a positive effect on ward relationships and was more efficient. This gave greater job satisfaction by allowing more time for ‘higher skilled’ professional activities. Clinical training was perceived as critical to maximise use of technology.

Conclusions This work identifies how by using EP-RD benefits reach beyond the dispensary to the ward level permitting the pharmacy to add more clinical value to its pharmacy service, thus contributing to better patient care.

  • Clinical Pharmacy

Statistics from

Request Permissions

If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.