Objectives To determine the feasibility of preparing a long-term stable ready-to-use parenteral amiodarone formulation using cyclodextrins as dissolution enhancer.
Methods A preformulation study was performed with different molar ratios of hydroxypropyl-beta-cyclodextrin (HP-BCD) or sulfobutylether-beta-cyclodextrin (SBE-BCD) to amiodarone in order to investigate enhancement of amiodarone's water solubility. Further, effects of pH and temperature on the dissolution rate during production were investigated. Shelf-life was determined for a ready-to-use iso-osmotic preparation of 1.8 mg/mL amiodarone with SBE-BCD in a molar ratio of 1:3. Amiodarone content was assessed using a validated high-pressure liquid chromatography ultraviolet method.
Results Amiodarone–SBE-BCD in a molar ratio of 1:3 at pH 4.0–5.0 yielded the best results in terms of increased solubility and dissolution time (90 min). With SBE-BCD, a smaller molar ratio to amiodarone was needed than with HP-BCD. The amiodarone content of the final formulation stored 12 months at 21°C in daylight remained unchanged.
Conclusions A ready-to-use or ready-to-administer amiodarone product, prepared in a hospital pharmacy, for intravenous application in an acute clinical setting is a feasible option from a chemical, physical and microbiological point of view. The availability of such a product will have a significant impact on medication safety, and production should therefore be considered.
- intravenous amiodarone
- pharmaceutical formulation
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