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4CPS-141 Real-life impact of including montelukast as premedication on the incidence of infusion-related reactions to isatuximab and description of risk factors
  1. MDC Jiménez León1,
  2. JA Hernández Ramos1,
  3. M Martín Rodríguez2,
  4. E Guerrero Hurtado3,
  5. A Prieto Romero4,
  6. F Mayo Olveira1,
  7. F Martínez De La Torre1,
  8. MD Canales Siguero1,
  9. JM Ferrari Piquero1
  1. 1Hospital Universitario 12 De Octubre, Hospital Pharmacy, Madrid, Spain
  2. 2Hospital Universitario Principe De Asturias, Hospital Pharmacy, Madrid, Spain
  3. 3Hospital Universitario Y Politécnico La Fe De-Valencia, Hospital Pharmacy, Madrid, Spain
  4. 4Hospital Universitario Gregorio Marañón, Hospital Pharmacy, Madrid, Spain


Background and Importance Infusion-related reactions (IRR) are one of isatuximab’s most frequent and significant adverse reactions that may lead to treatment discontinuation despite premedicating with dexamethasone, paracetamol, and anti-H1 antihistamines. Similarly to daratumumab, adding montelukast as premedication could improve its tolerability. Additionally, there are no studies to date describing which risk factors (RF) may affect the likeliness of an isatuximab IRR.

Aim and Objectives The primary objective was to assess the impact of including montelukast as premedication on the incidence of IRR (iIRR) associated with the administration of isatuximab.

Secondary objectives included describing the iIRR in a real-life setting and evaluating possible risk factors: food, environmental or medicine allergies; previous IRR; and infusion bag concentration.

Material and Methods Multicentric retrospective study conducted in one secondary and three tertiary hospitals. Eligibility criteria included adults having started isatuximab and excluded patients receiving off-label corticosteroid doses and those enrolled in clinical trials. Follow-up was carried out until September 2023, treatment discontinuation or death.

Baseline characteristics were sex, age, treatment regimen, premedication regimen, number of isatuximab doses and occurrence of IRR. These numerical and categorical variables were expressed as number of observations and medians respectively.

Odds ratios (OR) and Mann-Whitney U tests were calculated to evaluate qualitative and quantitative RF, respectively. Absolute risk reduction (ARR) and number needed to treat (NNT) were used to assess the impact of montelukast as premedication. 95% confidence intervals (95%CI) were applied.

Results 40 patients were included, with a median age of 66 (54 – 72) years, 60.0% being men. The median number of isatuximab doses per patient was 8 (4–18).

The iIRR for cycle-one-day-one was 7.7% for the group premedicated with montelukast and 29.6% without. OR was 0.20 (95% CI 0.02 – 1.79), ARR was 0.22 (95% CI -0.01 – 0.44) and NNT was 5. No IRR were found for second or further doses in any patient and no risk factors were found.

Conclusion and Relevance In our experience, iIRR observed for isatuximab was lower compared to pivotal clinical trials. The inclusion of montelukast as premedication might reduce IRR, which should be confirmed in subsequent studies.

Conflict of Interest No conflict of interest.

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