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5PSQ-069 Comparison of renal glomerular filtration estimation formulas in vancomycin pharmacokinetic monitoring
  1. TE Salinas Muñoz1,
  2. MDM Alañon Pardo1,
  3. MC Gonzalez Escribano2,
  4. C Navarro Camacho2,
  5. C Notario Dongil2,
  6. N Andres Navarro2
  1. 1Hospital la Mancha Centro, Pharmacy, Alcazar de San Juan, Spain
  2. 2Hospital la Mancha Centro, Pharmacy, Alcázar de San Juan, Spain


Background and Importance This retrospective study aimed to assess the utility of renal glomerular filtration rate (GFR) estimation formulas, including Cockcroft-Gault (CG), Modification of Diet in Renal Disease (MDRD-4), and Chronic Kidney Disease Epidemiology (CKD-EPI), in the pharmacokinetic monitoring of vancomycin.

Aim and Objectives The study aimed to evaluate the correlation between estimated GFR using different formulas and the actual clearance of vancomycin in patients, providing valuable insights for pharmacokinetic monitoring and dosing adjustments.

Material and Methods Retrospective study (October 2022 to March 2023) on patients monitored by the Clinical Pharmacokinetics Unit during vancomycin treatment. Inclusion criteria: age ≥ 18, ≥ two vancomycin trough plasma concentrations (Cmin), and stable serum creatinine (+/- 0.5 mg/dL) during monitoring. Recorded variables: gender, age, weight (kg), height (cm), serum creatinine mg/dL), estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) (mL/min) using various formulas, observed vancomycin Cmin (mcg/mL), and predicted Cmin (mcg/mL) based on Bayesian adjustment (software: Mw-Pharm++®). Linear regression analysed the relationship between initial estimated vancomycin plasma clearance (Clp) using eGFR data and patient‘s actual Clp obtained through Bayesian estimation (considering monitored vancomycin concentrations).

Results A total of 34 patients were recruited (65.70% males, mean age ± standard deviation: 68.06 ± 16.89 years). The mean estimated glomerular filtration rate (GFR) values were: 84.44 ± 49.87mL/min, 116.23 ± 52.95mL/min, 91.53 ± 28.22mL/min for the CG, MDRD-4, and CKD-EPI formulas, respectively. The mean observed vancomycin Cmin in the second analytical determination was 16.13 ± 6.56 mcg/mL. The mean predicted Cmin values were 17.15 ± 8.08 mcg/mL, 14.03 ± 8.26 mcg/mL, and 14.57 ± 7.56 mcg/mL for the CG, MDRD-4, and CKD-EPI formulas, respectively. Based on the coefficients of determination calculated from the regression lines, 83%, 76%, and 86% of the variations found in the actual vancomycin clearance can be explained by variations in the estimated clearance using GFR data obtained with the CG, MDRD-4, and CKD-EPI formulas, respectively.

Conclusion and Relevance In this study, the Cockcroft-Gault and CKD-EPI formulas exhibited better correlation with actual vancomycin clearance compared to MDRD-4. The findings suggest a potential risk of overdosing when using MDRD-4. Although initial vancomycin dosing based on estimated GFR formulas provides a reasonable approach, pharmacokinetic monitoring of plasma concentrations remains a safer approach for antibiotic dosing.

Conflict of Interest No conflict of interest.

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