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5PSQ-127 Medication-related falls in a nursing home: identification and hospital pharmacy interventions
  1. A Drozdz Vergara,
  2. A Valladolid Walsh,
  3. A Sanz Arrufat,
  4. C González Romero,
  5. E Tébar Martínez,
  6. H Alabort Ayllón
  1. Complejo Hospitalario Universitario De Albacete, Pharmacy Department, Albacete, Spain


Background and Importance Medication use is a modifiable risk factor and has a high prevalence in older people, where polypharmacy is common. For this reason, medication review is one of the key components of multifactorial fall prevention interventions.

Aim and Objectives The objective of this study is to determine if falls in a nursing home are related to pharmacological treatment as well as to evaluate if a pharmacist can improve treatment through pharmacological recommendations.

Material and Methods Study design: non-comparative intervention study. Inclusion criteria: patients in whom falls were recorded in a nursing home with 201 residents between 22/05/2023–03/09/2023. A record of incidents, falls and injuries was prepared and coordinated from the Nursing Unit in which the following data were collected: demographic data of the resident, type of fall, description of the fall, condition of the resident after the fall, comorbidities and usual medication. The treatment of all patients in whom falls were recorded was reviewed by the pharmacist, assessing whether they were caused by drugs with a high risk of causing falls. Pharmacological recommendations were made by the hospital pharmacist aimed at preventing falls.

Results During the study period 40 falls were recorded, corresponding to 25 patients, 48% were men with a median age of 84 years (72.5–95.5). A total of 67.5% were identified as related to drug treatment. The hospital pharmacist carried out 27 pharmacological interventions that included: gradually reducing the dose of sedative hypnotics until discontinuation (33.3%), optimisation of antihypertensive treatment (25.9%), prescribing capillary glycaemia controls, assessing the adjustment of basal insulin units (7.4%) and reducing the anticholinergic burden of treatment (7.4%).

Conclusion and Relevance Falls related to drug treatment are common in institutionalised patients and can be identified by the hospital pharmacist. Hospital pharmacists can also contribute to optimising patient treatment through pharmacological interventions, which were well accepted in our case.

The improvement measures that we intend to develop are the implementation of a fall notification protocol to the Pharmacy Service to identify those caused by pharmacological treatment and recommend changes in the medical team of the geriatric centres assigned to our Pharmacy Service (1,000 residents).

Conflict of Interest No conflict of interest.

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