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6ER-042 The disaster preparedness and management of healthcare practitioners: a systematic review of the assessment instruments
  1. S Elshami1,
  2. M Izham1,
  3. A Awaisu1,
  4. B Mukhalalati1,
  5. O Yakti1,
  6. M Sherbash2
  1. 1Qatar University, Clinical Pharmacy And Practice Department- College of Pharmacy- Health Cluster, Doha, Qatar
  2. 2Qatar University, Public Health Department- College of Health Sciences- Health Cluster, Doha, Qatar


Background and Importance Disasters have been traditionally considered as one of the main threats to healthcare delivery worldwide, with no country being immune to them. The delivery of healthcare services during disasters is the responsibility of healthcare practitioners (HCPs), who should ideally be prepared to manage disasters. Therefore, it is important to accurately assess the disaster preparedness and management of HCPs.

Aim and Objectives The aim of this systematic review is to identify and evaluate the psychometric properties of disaster preparedness and management instruments that were developed for assessing the disaster preparedness and management of HCPs.

Material and Methods A systematic review search strategy was utilised to identify the relevant original research articles, utilising PubMed, ProQuest Public Health, and CINAHL databases. The key concepts used were: disasters, health personnel, preparedness, management, and questionnaire. The identified instruments in the included articles were summarised according to their measurement scope/context, psychometric properties, and strengths and limitations. Data about the validity and reliability of the included instruments were summarised according to content validity, response process, internal structure, relation to other variables, and consequence validity.

Results The reviewed articles possessed minimal quality for validity and reliability evidence. Most retrieved instruments have undergone minor psychometric evaluations, predominantly emphasising the ‘content’ and ‘internal structure’ validities. The most used instrument was the Emergency Preparedness Information Questionnaire (EPIQ), while the most valid and reliable instruments were the Provider Response to Emergency Pandemic (PREP) and the Korean version of the Disaster Preparedness Evaluation Tool (DPET). The key domains measured in the included instruments were knowledge, training, and willingness to report to work during disasters.

Conclusion and Relevance The findings of this review highlighted the sacristy of adequately validated assessment instruments that can be employed to assess disaster management and preparedness of HCPs. This calls for future collaborative research initiatives to design and adequately validate disaster management and preparedness instruments in order to evaluate and ultimately improve disaster management and preparedness of HCPs.

References and/or Acknowledgements This study was funded by the Qatar National Research Fund, Early Career Researcher Award: ECRA03-001-3-001

Conflict of Interest No conflict of interest.

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