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Dalbavancin is a novel antimicrobial against Gram-positive pathogens: clinical experience beyond labelled indications
  1. María Núñez-Núñez PharmD, MsC1,2,
  2. Inmaculada Casas-Hidalgo1,
  3. Ricardo García-Fumero3,
  4. Inmaculada Vallejo-Rodríguez1,
  5. Francisco Anguita-Santos2,
  6. José Hernández-Quero2,
  7. José Cabeza-Barrera1,
  8. Andrés Ruiz-Sancho2
  1. 1Department of Pharmacy, University Hospital San Cecilio, Granada, Andalucía, Spain
  2. 2Department of Infectious Diseases, University Hospital San Cecilio, Granada, Andalucía, Spain
  3. 3Department of Pharmacy, University Hospital Virgen de las Nieves, Granada, Andalucía, Spain
  1. Correspondence to María Núñez-Núñez PharmD and MsC, Unidad de Gestión Clínica Farmacia, University Hospital San Cecilio, Granada CP 18016, Spain; mnunez.pharm{at}gmail.com

Abstract

Very limited labelled indications have been approved for the newer antimicrobials. Data on the clinical uses, efficacy and safety of dalbavancin are scarce, thus here we sought to describe our clinical experience. 16-month observational prospective study was performed. 19 (86%) were used under off-label indications. 10 (46%) for osteoarticular infections, 5 (23%) bloodstream infections and 3 (14%) endocarditis. To highlight, one patient received dalbavancin as long-term suppressive therapy. Most frequent use reasons were promptly hospital discharge, 11 (65%), and the presence of resistant organisms involving limited treatment options, 5 (23%). Successful outcome was observed in >95% of the patients and only 1 (4.5%) adverse event was reported. Further evidence beyond labelled indications is urgently needed. Despite the limitations, dalbavancin appears to be a safe and efficient option for adult patients who have tried and/or failed other therapies due to multidrug-resistant Gram-positive organisms.

  • clinical pharmacy
  • infectious diseases
  • new antimicrobials
  • dalbavancin

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