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Initial dosing of intermittent vancomycin in adults: estimation of dosing interval in relation to dose and renal function
  1. Martin Šíma1,
  2. Jan Hartinger1,
  3. Tomáš Grus2,
  4. Ondřej Slanař1
  1. 1Department of Pharmacology, First Faculty of Medicine, Charles University and General University Hospital, Prague, Czech Republic
  2. 22nd Department of Surgery – Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, First Faculty of Medicine, Charles University and General University Hospital, Prague, Czech Republic
  1. Correspondence to Dr Martin Šíma, Department of Pharmacology, Charles University First Faculty of Medicine, Praha 116 36, Czech Republic; martin.sima{at}lf1.cuni.cz

Abstract

Objectives Due to the high interindividual variability in vancomycin pharmacokinetics, optimisation of its dosing is still challenging. This study aimed to explore vancomycin pharmacokinetics in adult patients and to propose an easy applicable dosing nomogram for initial treatment.

Methods Vancomycin pharmacokinetics was calculated in a two-compartmental model based on therapeutic drug monitoring data. A linear regression model was used to explore the relationship between vancomycin elimination half-life and glomerular filtration rate estimated according the Chronic Kidney Disease Epidemiology Collaboration (CKD-EPI) formula.

Results In the whole study population (n=66), vancomycin volume of distribution, clearance and half-life median (IQR) values were 0.69 (0.58–0.87) L/kg, 0.031 (0.022–0.050) L/h/kg and 14.4 (9.5–25.2) hours, respectively. Vancomycin half-life was associated with glomerular filtration rate (r2=0.4126, p<0.0001) according to the formula: t1/2 (h) = −0.247×eGFRCKD-EPI (mL/min/1.73 m2)+32.89. This relationship was used to construct a dosing nomogram.

Conclusions We propose an easy-to-use dosing nomogram for vancomycin therapy initiation that allows individualisation of the dosing interval with respect to the administered dose size and functional renal status.

  • vancomycin
  • pharmacokinetics
  • dosing nomogram
  • therapeutic drug monitoring
  • glomerular filtration
  • CKD-EPI
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