Objective We investigated factors associated with a reduction in the quality of life and their OR of patients with chronic hepatitis C who underwent ledipasvir/sofosbuvir therapy.
Methods The subjects were 141 outpatients who had undergone ledipasvir/sofosbuvir therapy under a diagnosis of genotype I chronic hepatitis C or Child-Pugh A compensated cirrhosis at Hitachi General Hospital. The patient background before ledipasvir/sofosbuvir therapy, laboratory data and the Chronic Liver Disease Questionnaire scores during ledipasvir/sofosbuvir therapy were investigated. The Chronic Liver Disease Questionnaire consists of 29 questions, and the mean value is calculated as the overall score through a 7-step assessment by patients. Using two divisions: a Chronic Liver Disease Questionnaire score of <7 (symptoms are present) and that of 7 (no symptoms), as objective variables, patients with a Chronic Liver Disease Questionnaire score of <7 were defined as having a reduced quality of life. Independent factors significantly associated with a reduction in the quality of life were extracted using logistic regression analysis.
Results Based on the multivariate analysis, an alanine aminotransferase level of ≥23 U/L (OR: 4.380, 95% CI: 1.394 to 13.756) was extracted as an independent factor associated with a reduction in the quality of life (p<0.05).
Conclusion An increase in the baseline level of alanine aminotransferase was found to play a role in the reduction in the quality of life of patients with chronic hepatitis C who had undergone ledipasvir/sofosbuvir therapy.
- clinical pharmacy
- quality in healthcare
- risk management
- side effects of drugs
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