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Fatal hepatotoxicity due to sevoflurane use in a paediatric patient after aortic repair: reality or fiction? A case of pharmacovigilance
  1. Llefer V. Sanchez1,
  2. Pol Pichardo1,
  3. Vicky Adames1,
  4. Andrea Zovi2,
  5. Nicola Pradegan3
  1. 1Cardiovascular Anesthesiology Department, CEDIMAT Cardiovascular Center, Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic
  2. 2DISFARM Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Milan, Milan, Italy, University of Milan, Milano, Lombardia, Italy
  3. 3Cardiac Surgery Unit, Cardiac, Thoracic, Vascular and Public Health Science Department, Padova University Hospital, Padova, Italy
  1. Correspondence to Dr Andrea Zovi, DISFARM Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Milan, Milano 7, 20122, Lombardia, Italy; andrea.zovi{at}asst-santipaolocarlo.it

Abstract

Hepatotoxicity secondary to exposure of volatile anaesthetics is an exceptional finding, but its clinical interest depends on their frequent use, unpredictable appearance and potential severity. Halothane is the volatile anaesthetic most frequently involved in the development of liver dysfunction, especially after re-exposure. Sevoflurane has rarely been related to this life-threatening complication. We present the case of a 1-year-old girl who had undergone previous surgery for closure of a patent ductus arteriosus, and who developed severe acute hepatitis and died after undergoing surgical repair of an aortic isthmus narrowing by means of general anaesthesia with sevoflurane. Other possible causes of liver failure were excluded. This adverse event was classified as serious and was included in the national and European pharmacovigilance network, with the aim of preventing dangerous effects on patient health in clinical practice, by contributing to the enrichment of the literature.

  • clinical medicine
  • case reports
  • drug-related side effects and adverse reactions
  • drug monitoring
  • pediatrics
  • pharmacy administration

Data availability statement

All data relevant to the study are included in the article.

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