Objectives Many medication errors occur during care transitions, which are critical points for patient safety. There is strong evidence in favour of medication reconciliation as a strategy to avoid errors in adults, though few studies have been made in the paediatric setting. Likewise, no recommendations have been established for the selection and/or prioritisation of paediatric patients amenable to reconciliation.
Methods A retrospective study was conducted involving patients subjected to reconciliation by a pharmacist on admission to hospital and who experienced at least one reconciliation error between January and November 2018. Univariable and multivariable analyses were performed to identify possible factors associated with reconciliation error, using a logistic regression model to determine the odds ratio (OR) with the corresponding 95% confidence interval (95% CI).
Results The group of patients with at least one reconciliation error included 334 patients, compared with the group of patients without reconciliation errors, which included 1426 patients. It was determined that schoolchildren and adolescent patients had a risk of presenting a reconciliation error on hospital admission that was more than double for younger patients (OR 2.32, 95% CI 1.26 to 4.25, and OR 2.68, 95% CI 1.44 to 4.99, respectively). This risk was multiplied by five if we compared polymedicated patients versus non-polymedicated patients (OR 4.48, 95% CI 3.35 to 5.99). Patients with a neurological or onco-haematological underlying disease had a 12 and 10 times higher risk of presenting a reconciliation error compared with patients with other types of underlying diseases (OR 11.97, 95% CI 7.57 to 18.92, and OR 9.96, 95% CI 6.09 to 16.28, respectively). Finally, patients with narrow therapeutic index medicines in their usual treatment had an almost three times greater risk of presenting a reconciliation error when admitted to the hospital, although this last factor was not determined as an independent risk factor as for the others (OR 2.98, 95% CI 2.22 to 3.99).
Conclusions The paediatric population is characterised by a number of risk factors for reconciliation error. Knowledge of these factors can allow the prioritisation of medication reconciliation in a concrete group of patients. In order to generalise the results obtained in this study, they must be confirmed in other paediatric care settings involving larger samples and different types of patients.
- PHARMACY SERVICE, HOSPITAL
- MEDICAL ERRORS
- Education, Pharmacy, Continuing
Data availability statement
Data sharing not applicable as no datasets were generated and/or analysed for this study. Not applicable.
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