Objectives Cyclosporine is an immunosuppressive drug with a high potential for drug interactions that is frequently used in renal transplant patients. The purpose of this study was to assess the change in cyclosporine concentration in patients taking cyclosporine and lercanidipine concurrently.
Methods The potential drug interactions in renal transplant patients who received lercanidipine and cyclosporine concurrently in a university hospital between January 2008 and January 2018 were evaluated retrospectively. Patients had renal transplantation from deceased donors or living related donors. The Drug Interaction Probability Scale (DIPS) criteria were used to assess the causality of cyclosporine and lercanidipine drug interaction.
Results The study included six renal transplant patients. The median cyclosporine concentration before lercanidipine use was 325 ng/mL (min–max 101–356) and 592.5 ng/mL (min–max 198–799) thereafter (p=0.028). Serum creatinine and proteinuria levels did not change significantly during lercanidipine treatment (p=0.686 and p=0.116, respectively). According to the DIPS evaluation, cyclosporine and lercanidipine interaction was classified as “possible (score 3)".
Conclusions Concomitant use of cyclosporine and lercanidipine increases the concentration of cyclosporine, which may result in side effects during effective treatment in renal transplant patients. Therefore, cyclosporine concentrations should definitely be monitored while patients are taking lercanidipine.
- Renal transplantation
- CLINICAL PHARMACY
- Drug Monitoring
- Kidney Transplantation
Data availability statement
Data are available upon reasonable request.
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