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Pharmacist-led patient education improves medication self-management and adherence in chronic hepatitis D virus patients: insights from the EXPLAIN project
  1. Daniele Mengato1,
  2. Sabrina Trivellato1,2,
  3. Caterina Pedrolo2,
  4. Francesco Paolo Russo3,
  5. Francesca Venturini1
    1. 1Hospital Pharmacy Department, Azienda Ospedale-Università Padova, Padova, Veneto, Italy
    2. 2Department of Pharmaceutical and Pharmacological Sciences, University of Padua, Padova, Veneto, Italy
    3. 3Multivisceral Transplant Unit, Department of Surgery, Oncology and Gastroenterology, Padua University Hospital, Padova, Veneto, Italy
    1. Correspondence to Dr Daniele Mengato, Department of Hospital Pharmacy, Azienda Ospedale Università Padova, Padova, Veneto, Italy; daniele.mengato{at}

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    Understanding the multifaceted challenges of medication self-management is crucial for enhancing patient outcomes and averting adverse events. Pharmacist-led patient education programmes (PEPs) have proven effective in improving adherence and mitigating errors, especially in chronic diseases.1 2 However, the lack of official recognition or clear leadership from hospital pharmacists hampers widespread adoption of PEPs across Europe. Given the complexity of medications requiring intricate self-management, delegating PEPs provision to hospital pharmacists is imperative due to their expertise.

    At the University Hospital of Padova, we have implemented a process to assist patients with hepatitis D virus (HDV) in adhering to medications with challenging self-management procedures. HDV, a ‘superinfection’ exclusive to individuals with chronic hepatitis B, necessitates meticulous management to prevent …

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    • Contributors Planning, conception and reporting: DM. Conducting, data acquisition and analysis: ST and CP. Interpretation and review: FV and FPR.

    • Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.

    • Competing interests None declared.

    • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; internally peer reviewed.