Article Text

Download PDFPDF
Antifungal prophylaxis against invasive Candida and Aspergillus infection in adult heart transplant recipients: protocol for a systematic review and meta-analysis
    1. 1Pharmacy, University Hospitals Birmingham NHS Foundation Trust, Birmingham, UK
    2. 2Cardiology, University Hospitals Birmingham NHS Foundation Trust, Birmingham, UK
    3. 3Aston University, Birmingham, Birmingham, UK
    1. Correspondence to Zahra Irshad, Pharmacy, University Hospitals Birmingham NHS Foundation Trust, Birmingham, UK; zahra.irshad{at}


    Introduction Invasive fungal infections (IFI) can contribute to increased mortality and morbidity rates after heart transplant in adults. The most common causes are Aspergillus and Candida species. There is uncertainty on how effective antifungal prophylaxis is against Candida spp infections and limited guidance on the prevention of Aspergillus spp infections. This systematic review and meta-analysis will assess the literature to see if antifungal prophylaxis reduces the incidence of IFI after heart transplant in adults.

    Methods and analysis This systematic review protocol follows the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic reviews and Meta Analysis guidelines. A systematic search of the Cochrane Library, Web of Science, Scopus, Embase, MEDLINE, and Proquest databases will be undertaken. Reference lists of retrieved publications and conference abstracts will also be searched. Title, abstract and full-text screening will be undertaken by two reviewers. Discrepancies will be resolved by a third reviewer. Studies with paediatric patients, multi-organ transplants, or patients with a second heart transplant will be excluded, along with those who do not have clear definitions and diagnostic criteria for IFI. Risk of bias will be assessed using the Cochrane Risk of Bias 2 tool and the Risk of Bias in Non-randomised Studies of Interventions tool. A meta-analysis will be carried out, but if studies are not deemed to be sufficiently similar, only a narrative synthesis will be undertaken.

    Ethics and dissemination Ethical approval is not required for this systematic review as primary data will not be collected. The results of the review will be disseminated through publication in an academic journal and scientific conferences.

    Prospero registration number CRD42024516588.

    • Infection Control
    • Systematic Review

    Statistics from

    Request Permissions

    If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.