Table 2

Composition of the two versions of total parenteral nutrition (TPN) admixture: TPNaq, where the lipids are replaced by water for injection (contains no vitamins) and TPN containing all additives

IngredientsPer litre TPNaq Per litre TPN
 Lipids (g)23.6
  Olive oil25%
  Soybean oil30%
  MCT30%
  Fish oil15%
 Glucose anhydrous (g)56.454.2
 Amino acids total (g)27.526.4
 Alanine (g)2.72.6
 Arginine (g)1.71.7
 Aspartic acid (g)1.71.7
 Cysteine (g)0.40.4
 Glutamic acid (g)3.02.9
 Glycine (g)0.90.9
 Histidine (g)0.90.9
 Isoleucine (g)1.31.3
 Leucine (g)2.92.8
 Lysine (g)2.42.3
 Methionine (g)0.50.5
 Phenylalanine (g)1.11.1
 Proline (g)2.42.3
 Serine (g)1.61.5
 Taurine (g)0.10.1
 Threonine (g)1.51.5
 Tryptophan (g)0.60.6
 Tyrosine (g)0.20.2
 Valine (g)1.51.5
 Sodium (mmol)16.016.0
 Potassium (mmol)16.015.4
 Magnesium (mmol)2.01.9
 Calcium* (mmol)4.64.5
 Phosphate† (mmol)8.010.3
 Chloride (mmol)25.324.3
 Sulfate (mmol)2.01.9
 Peditrace‡(mL)14.5§
  Zinc chloride (mg)4.17.4
  Copper chloride (2H2O) (mg)0.4¶0.8**
  Manganese chloride (4H2O) (mg)0.030.1
  Sodium selenite anhydrous (mg)0.030.1
  Sodium fluoride (mg)1.01.8
  Potassium iodide (mg)0.010.02
 Soluvit‡ (vials)2.9
 Vitalipid infant‡ (mL)33.4
  • *Calcium chloride as calcium source.

  • †From glycerophosphate, the emulsion and Vitalipid infant.

  • ‡Micronutrient additives.

  • §Corresponds to 0.8 and 1.5 mL trace elements per 100 mL respectively.

  • ¶Corresponds to 160 µg/L Cu2+.

  • **Corresponds to 290 µg/L Cu2+.