Table 3

Characteristics of the included studies (n=6) for the systematic review

ReferenceMain authorYear of publicationCountrySite informationStudy designParticipantsStudy objectivesData analysisCPS involvedQuality rating
23 Chen2013SingaporeA 830 bed hospital that provides specialised paediatric and women’s healthcare servicesQuantitative (survey)Caregivers who accompanied epileptic patients on neurology follow-up visitsTo evaluate the utility of tailored educational pharmacist counselling in improving knowledge and self-reported confidence in patient care by caregivers of children with epilepsy.Descriptive statisticsMedication counselling4 (Moderate)
24 Flannery2014USAA 180-bed tertiary care academic paediatric hospitalQuantitative (survey)Physicians including paediatric fellows and advanced practice nursesTo assess prescribers attitudes about the Antibiotic Stewardship Programme, aimed to identify perceived strengths and weaknesses of the service, with the ultimate goal of maximising its effect on future prescribing behaviours.Descriptive statisticsAntibiotic Stewardship Programme4 (Moderate)
25 Grey2017UKNationwideMixed methods (focus groups, semistructured interviews and survey)two pharmacy policy makers, three service commissioners, two pharmacy staff, five rheumatology professionals and three lay advocatesThere were three phases of the study. The objective of the stakeholder interviews (phase 2) was to share ideas of practicing pharmacists about their current and future roles in the support of young people who take medication for chronic illness with stakeholders to devise a list of roles for prioritisation.A ‘middle-ordered’ thematic approachPharmaceutical care4 (Moderate)
26 Moadebi2013CanadaLions Gate Hospital, a 335-bed acute care community teaching hospitalQuantitative (survey)All nurses working in the site’s Emergency DepartmentTo measure the impact of the interprofessional collaboration and educational sessions conducted by the clinical pharmacist on ED nurses' level of comfort and satisfaction with intranasal fentanyl for children.Descriptive statisticsEducation sessions3 (Moderate)
21 Rishoej2018DenmarkThree largest tertiary NICUsQualitative (focus groups)Physicians and nurses who practiced at NICUsTo explore current and potential future practices to prevent medication errors experienced by physicians and nurses.Qualitative content analysisClinical pharmacy services5 (High)
22 Rosenfeld2018AustraliaA major Australian paediatric teaching hospitalQualitative (ethnographic study, focus groups and semistructured interviews)Pharmacists, registered nurses and doctors from diverse clinical wardsTo examine interdisciplinary medication decision making by pharmacists in paediatric hospital settings.Thematic analysis according to the ‘framework’ approachWard service, medication decision making5 (High)