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Evaluation of quality indicators for nutrition and metabolism in critically ill patients: role of the pharmacist
  1. Pelayo Nieto-Gómez1,
  2. Rocío Morón Romero1,2,
  3. Elena Planells del Pozo2,3,
  4. Jose Cabeza-Barrera1,2,
  5. Manuel Colmenero Ruiz2,4
  1. 1Farmacia Hospitalaria, Hospital Universitario San Cecilio, Granada, Spain
  2. 2ibs GRANADA, Granada, Spain
  3. 3Department of Physiology, Universidad de Granada Instituto de Nutricion y Tecnologia de los Alimentos Jose Mataix Verdu, Armilla, Granada, Spain
  4. 4Medicina Intensiva, Hospital Universitario San Cecilio, Granada, Granada, Spain
  1. Correspondence to Dr Rocío Morón Romero, Farmacia Hospitalaria, Hospital Universitario San Cecilio, Granada 18016, Spain; rmoronr{at}gmail.com

Abstract

Objective To assess compliance in a Spanish intensive care unit (ICU) with 8 of the 13 quality indicators of the Spanish Society of Intensive Medicine and Coronary Units (Sociedad Española de Medicina Intensiva y Unidades Coronarias, SEMICyUC) related to nutrition and metabolism in critically ill patients.

Patients and methods The study included all patients over 18 years of age with an ICU stay of >48 hours between January and May 2019. The pharmacist was integrated into the daily activity of the multidisciplinary team of a 20-bed ICU to monitor and carry out the control of the quality indicators of the SEMICyUC. Studied indicators refer to: nutritional risk assessment and nutritional status (three indicators), glycaemic control,2 calculation of calorie–protein requirements,1 and use of early enteral nutrition or adequate parenteral nutrition.2 Compliance with each indicator was measured as the percentage of patients.

Results 110 patients were included and 73 (66.4%) were male. Compliance results were: blood glucose range (90.7%), severe hypoglycaemia (0%), identification of patients at nutritional risk (58.2%) or with possible refeeding syndrome (8.9%), assessment of nutritional status at admission (58.2%), calculation of calorie–protein requirements (77.8%), early enteral nutrition (96.4%), and adequate use of parenteral nutrition (37.8%)

Conclusion Compliance with indicators related to glycaemic control and artificial nutrition (enteral and parenteral nutrition) was higher than reference standards, but there is a need to improve compliance with indicators related to nutritional risk and status at ICU admission. The hospital pharmacist integrated into the ICU multidisciplinary team can add value to the nutrition monitoring and quality indicators of the nutritional process of the critical patient, providing safe and effective nutritional therapy to patients.

  • clinical pharmacy
  • intensive & critical care
  • nutrition & dietetics
  • quality in health care
  • quality control
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