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Is there a need for a hospital pharmacy common training framework? Review of the literature on the impact of educational interventions on health outcome
  1. Lorna Marie West1,
  2. Cornelia Vetter-Kerkhoff2,
  3. Nenad Miljkovic3,
  4. Roberto Frontini4
  1. 1 Department of Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics, Faculty of Medicine and Surgery, University of Malta, Msida, Malta
  2. 2 Department of Pharmacy, University Hospital of Munich, Munich, Germany
  3. 3 Department of Pharmacy, Institute of Orthopaedic Surgery “Banjica”, University Hospital of Belgrade, Belgrade, Serbia
  4. 4 Apotheke Liebigstr, Universittsklinikum, Leipzig, Germany
  1. Correspondence to Dr Lorna Marie West, Department of Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics, Faculty of Medicine and Surgery, University of Malta, Msida, Malta; lorna.west{at}


Background With the update of the directive 2005/36/EU on the recognition of professional qualifications (2013/55/EU), the European Union (EU) legislation opened also to pharmacists the possibility to define specialisations via a common training framework (CTF).

Objective The aim of this study was to review, synthesise and present published evidence on the impact of health educational interventions targeting healthcare professionals on patients’ health outcomes that support a hospital pharmacy CTF in EU.

Method The search was carried out in Medline and Cumulative Index to Nursing & Allied Health Literature and was limited to English language full review articles or primary research published since 2000. Data were extracted independently and compared by three of the researchers.

Results Ten papers (9 primary research studies and one literature review) were identified. Almost one-third of the studies (30%, n=3) targeted pharmacists in their research. The majority of studies (80%, n=8) have shown that higher education levels among healthcare professionals improved patient outcomes. No study discussed the importance of a CTF.

Conclusion The review of the literature has demonstrated the need for education and training of health personnel to improve patient outcome. Controlled studies about pharmacist education and training in European countries showed that the benefit of a CTF is lacking.

  • Common training framework
  • Education
  • Health outcomes
  • Hospital pharmacy
  • Review

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